It was during the mid-19th century that a successful machine-gun design was first introduced. The modern machine guns were based on the Model 1862 Gatling gun, with the key characteristics being their relatively high rate of fire and mechanical loading. The Gatling gun, patented by Richard Jordan Gatling in 1861, was the first firearm to offer controlled, sequential firing with mechanical loading. The United States Navy first adopted this machine gun, and were later sold to various armies in the late 19th century. They saw limited action in the American Civil War and subsequent, improved designs of this early machine gun were later used in the Franco-Prussian war and the North West-Rebellion. However, these weapons were powered by hand and were gradually replaced after Hiram Maxim introduced the idea of harnessing recoil energy to power reloading, used in the Maxim machine gun.
The Maxim gun, invented by Sir … Read more »Continue